Tata Metaliks, a supplier of pig iron (PI) and ductile iron pipes (DIP) and a subsidiary of Tata Metal, appears effectively-placed to profit from the Centre’s concentration on water and sanitation infrastructure as a section of the Nationwide Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) in the lengthy operate.
The company’s functioning overall performance has been enhancing steadily about the earlier couple several years (other than in FY20, mainly because of to the effects of Covid-19 in the fourth quarter).
The organization has been on the route to de-commoditise the organization — to insulate from the volatility in commodity prices — as a result of increased target on expanding ability of substantial-margin DIP generation.
At ₹514, the inventory is valued at about 10 situations the trailing 12-thirty day period earnings. This is near to its three-yr historical ordinary PE of10.5 moments.
The company’s peer in the DIP organization, Srikalahasthi Pipes, a modest-cap company, having said that, trades at a decreased valuation of 3.9 occasions. The better valuation of Tata Metaliks could be on account of the top quality connected to the manufacturer and its promoters.
Having explained that, the inventory is presently at a 20 per cent low cost to the rate stages witnessed just just before the correction began in February 2020. This presents investors with a fantastic prospect to accumulate the inventory little by little.
Tata Metalik’s production plant close to Kharagpur, West Bengal, has a production capacity of 5.50 lakh tonnes per annum (ltpa) for very hot metal (from which pig iron is created) and 2 ltpa for DIPs.
The company’s PI is used as a uncooked product for various forms of casting apps in industries these types of as auto, agri, energy, railways and sanitary castings. On the other hand, DIP is employed in the drinking water business for transmission and distribution of potable drinking water, transportation of sewage and waste drinking water, irrigation and industrial utilization in electric power vegetation, etcetera.
Pig iron and ductile iron pipes contributed about 48 for each cent and 52 for each cent, respectively, to the company’s revenues in FY20.
The typical blended functioning financial gain margin of the corporation has been continual at 15-16 per cent, with PI margins on the decreased aspect and DIP on the greater.
Going forward, the company needs to focus on the downstream enterprise and increase the share of earnings from the high-margin DIP to 70-75 for each cent and to insulate alone from the volatility in commodity costs.
Tata Metaliks, as for every experiences, has about 12 for each cent current market share in the DIP marketplace in India. There are 7-8 other players in the business.
The demand for DIP is driven by investments in drinking water, sanitation and irrigation infrastructure projects of the authorities. The medium- to very long-time period outlook in the DIP small business would seem healthful with 10 for each cent of the government’s capital expenditure finances of ₹111-lakh crore during FY20 to FY25 allocated toward irrigation and agriculture and foodstuff processing infrastructure, as for each NIP.
Emphasis on initiatives this kind of as ‘AMRUT’ (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and City Transformation), ‘Har Ghar Jal’ (to provide piped consuming h2o to all rural homes by 2024), and elevate irrigation is also a constructive.
As for every the company administration, now, tenders for DIPs are in the pipeline from Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh to an extent of 1-1.2 million tonnes. Nevertheless, warning was expressed on close to-term execution of orders due to the economical worry on the State governments.
The immediate organization from the federal government is only to an extent of 10-15 per cent of the DIP small business the relaxation is by the EPC (engineering, procurement and development) contracts from firms this sort of as L&T and Voltas.
To meet up with the larger need, Tata Metaliks is currently doubling the ability of DIP to 4 ltpa, which is anticipated to be concluded within just the upcoming 2-3 many years.
The operational functionality of the organization, specially the pig iron section, relies upon on the rates of the raw resources — coke and coal — as effectively as pig iron itself. Since the output prices are also commodity industry-connected, any hike in enter charge is not conveniently transferable to the prospects.
In FY20, the profits and web profit of the organization fell by 5 for every cent and 9 for every cent yr-on-calendar year to ₹2,051 crore and ₹166 crore, respectively.
The decrease in profits and revenue was mostly because of to suspension of manufacturing operations and product sales through the latter aspect of March 2020 to overcome the Covid-19 pandemic and also the influence of depressed desire from the consumer industries of pig iron.
In the recent fiscal, although the to start with quarter’s functioning functionality has been weak, the turnaround in the next quarter has grabbed notice. In the to start with six-thirty day period period of time, despite a 28 per cent (y-o-y) fall in earnings to about ₹730 crore, the net profit went up by a whopping 62 per cent to about ₹70 crore.
This was on account of decreased uncooked materials fees, reduction in expense of output due to a new value-efficiency challenge (that will save raw substance cost to an extent of ₹10,000 for for each tonne of coal utilised by the company) and far better realisations for pig iron in the second quarter.
This was all reflected in the blended operating earnings margin of 21 for every cent in the quarter ended September 2020 as versus the common 15 for each cent levels.
Going forward, the profitability could be underneath strain in the near time period, as price ranges of iron ore and coking coal have moved up lately and realisations may well not increase sharply amidst the lull in demand from customers. But extended-expression prospective clients seem to be sanguine.